This paper describes load-carrying characteristics of a series of large-scale steel square footing tests performed on sand reinforced with two types of reinforcement methods. These are full geocell reinforcement (FGR) and geocell with an opening reinforcement (GOR). A thick steel square plate with 500?mm by 500?mm dimensions and 30?mm thickness was used as foundation. The parameters varying in the tests include the depth of geocell mattress (u), width of opening in geocell in the GOR type (w), relative density of sand (Dr) and number of geocell layers (N). The results revealed that the use of GOR and FGR methods enhances significantly the footing load carrying capacity, decreases the footing settlement and decreases the surface heave. It has been found that the use of GOR with an opening width of w/B?<?0.92, has the same improvement effect on the footing load-carrying response as the FGR has (B?=?footing width). Furthermore, with increasing the number of geocell layers from 1 to 2 in both GOR and FGR methods, the footing bearing pressure increases and footing settlement, surface heave and difference of performance between FGR and GOR mattress decrease.
» Author: A. Shadmand, M. Ghazavi, N. Ganjian
» Reference: Geotextiles and Geomembranes, Volume 46, Issue 3
» Publication Date: 01/06/2018
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