Environmental feasibility evaluation of project’s products and processes
The URBANREC project will perform a feasibility evaluation of environmental, economic and societal aspects of the integrated bulky waste management system to be implemented during the project. The project partner IOŚ-PIB is in charge of performing the environmental analysis for the improved bulky waste management system in the four URBANREC regions, for pilot technologies and for demonstrator products to be developed during the project.
To assess the change in environmental impacts caused by existing bulky waste management systems and potential improvements after implementation of planned activities, a Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) is being performed. The LCA allows assessing the impact of specific waste management activities on the environment. To do so the data on the functioning of bulky waste management system are needed. With this in view, the project partners from public authorities were collecting data on the existing systems regarding bulky waste generation, collection and treatment in the regions of Valencia, Flanders, Warsaw and Bornova. The four regions of URBANREC project are characterised by different levels of bulky waste generation and treatment. For example in Flanders, the re-use of bulky items/waste is very well developed, with the network of civic amenity sites and re-use centres running collection, repair, preparation for re-use and sale of reusable (bulky) items. In remaining regions the re-use is minimalInstead, remaining bulky waste in large part is directed either to incineration or to landfill and the level of recycling or other recovery processes is very small.
During the analysis of data provided, the identified main negative impacts on the environment of bulky waste management are:
- bulky waste collection
- bulky waste disassembly
- bulky waste landfilling
The positive impacts are connected with natural resources savings from re-use of bulky items/waste and from recycling.
The LCA of bulky waste management (starting situation) in four URBANREC regions is being performed by IOŚ-PIB. The results will be available early next year.
In parallel to LCA for the bulky waste management system, the IOŚ-PIB is also involved in the works on the LCA of URBANREC pilot technologies, starting with Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) of ECOFRAG technology (used for fragmentation of bulky waste) and BPP technology (production of methylal). The LCI is also being performed for other technologies implemented in the project (glycolysis, rebounding, unravelling, compounding) which will lead to the production of demonstrator products (polyols, adhesives, PU foams, needlefelts, mattresses, fibre reinforced plastic, wood plastic composites, methylal).
Further element of feasibility evaluation includes an eco-label selection. For this the project partner RESCOLL was analysing different eco-labels with the aim to choose the most suitable one for URBANREC demonstrator products. Partners’ comments about eco-labels have been collected and the first version of Ecolabel report has been written.
RESCOLL also led the selection of one of the URBANREC technologies to be verified based on Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) eligibility criteria. Chemical PU recycling by RAMPF has been selected for ETV. Now RAMPF, with the help of RESCOLL, is in the process of filling in the first documents of the process – quick scan and verification proposal.
The second aspect of feasibility evaluation related to the economic analysis for improved bulky waste management system and demonstrator products is being led by IZNAB. Untill now the data regarding the economic aspects of civic amenity sites (CAS) in Flanders were collected (investment costs of infrastructure) and the process of data collection is ongoing.
The third aspect of feasibility evaluation concerns the social analysis for the improved bulky waste management system and is also led by IOŚ-PIB. The questionnaires for evaluation of one of the first URBANREC outcomes ‐ new dismantling service for citizens implemented by IMOG and Reuse Centre South‐West‐Flanders - were developed and now the answers to the survey are collected.
» Author: URBANREC NEWSLETTER
» Publication Date: 20/12/2017