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Cellulose accessibility and microbial community in solid state anaerobic digestion of rape straw

Solid state anaerobic digestion (SSAD) with leachate recirculation is an appropriate method for the valorization of agriculture residues. Rape straw is a massively produced residue with considerable biochemical methane potential, but its degradation in SSAD remains poorly understood. A thorough study was conducted to understand the performance of rape straw as feedstock for laboratory solid state anaerobic digesters. We investigated the methane production kinetics of rape straw in relation to cellulose accessibility to cellulase and the microbial community. Improving cellulose accessibility through milling had a positive influence on both the methane production rate and methane yield. The SSAD of rape straw reached 60% of its BMP in a 40-day pilot-scale test. Distinct bacterial communities were observed in digested rape straw and leachate, with Bacteroidales and Sphingobacteriales as the most abundant orders, respectively. Archaeal populations showed no phase preference and increased chronologically.

» Author: Jiang-Hao Tian, Anne-Marie Pourcher, Chrystelle Bureau, Pascal Peu

» Reference: Bioresource Technology, Volume 223

» Publication Date: 01/01/2017

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This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement N° 690103