Silica-poly(styrene sulphonic acid) nanocomposites (SiO2-PSSA) were prepared using sol-gel methodologies. An amino functionalized organosilane (APTES) provides the anchoring sites for the retention of this acid polymer by the silica particles network. Aiming at optimizing the polymer loading and stability, different SiO2-PSSA nanocomposites were prepared by changing the type of solvent used in the synthesis, the aging protocol of the gel and the relative concentration of APTES. The effect of these modifications on the catalytic properties of the nanocomposites was explored in two different reactions driven by acid catalysts: xylose dehydration to furfural and esterification of oleic acid with methanol to yield biodiesel. Both reactions are of interest in the valorization of biomass and represent two illustrative cases to exploring the hydrothermal stability of the SiO2-PSSA nanocomposites under different conditions: aqueous phase at moderately high reaction temperatures (453K) and organic medium (methanol and oil) at low reaction temperature (333K), respectively. Polymer leaching was very intense in the case of furfural reaction because of the severe reaction conditions. On the contrary, for the case of the esterification of oleic acid, a reaction conducted under milder conditions, the deactivation by leaching is significantly prevented.
» Author: M.J. Campos-Molina, J.J. Corral-Pérez, R. Mariscal, M. López Granados
» Reference: Catalysis Today, Volume 279, Part 2
» Publication Date: 01/01/2017
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